• Genomics' daunting challenge: Identifying variants that matter April 23, 2014
    In a paper appearing April 24, 2014, in the journal Nature, authors recommended a set of genomic approaches to implicating rare, inherited variants involving one or a handful of genes that have large effects on an individual's risk for developing rare diseases. These same approaches might help researchers identify variants that affect complex diseases s […]
  • Defining functional DNA elements in the human genome April 22, 2014
    Researchers from the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements, or ENCODE, consortium have published a perspective article in the April 21, 2014 publication of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The article examines issues arising from the varying definitions and measurement of genomic function.
  • NIH program to jump-start genomic medicine April 17, 2014
    A new, two-year NIH initiative called the Clinical Center Genomics Opportunity (CCGO) will build an infrastructure for clinical genomic sequencing so clinical researchers can use genomic data for clinical research. CCGO will underwrite the DNA sequencing and analysis of 1,000 exomes, the functionally important 1-2 percent of the genome that codes for protein […]

  • Paralyzed Men Regain Movement With Spinal Stimulation April 14, 2014
    An experimental spinal stimulation therapy helped 4 young men who were paralyzed below the chest because of spinal cord injuries to regain control of some movement.
  • Discriminating Touch April 14, 2014
    Two research teams revealed how cells in skin feel fine detail and texture. The findings could lead to new approaches to restore the sense of touch lost to aging and certain diseases.
  • Blood Transfusions Linked to Infection Risk in Hospitals April 14, 2014
    Hospitalized patients who had fewer blood transfusions had lower risks of infection, a study showed. More conservative transfusion strategies might reduce infection rates.

  • Octillions of microbes in the seas: Ocean microbes show incredible genetic diversity April 24, 2014
    The smallest, most abundant marine microbe, Prochlorococcus, is a photosynthetic bacterial species essential to the marine ecosystem. It's estimated that billions of the single-celled creatures live in the oceans, forming the center of the marine food web.They occupy a range of ecological niches based on temperature, light, water chemistry and interacti […]
  • National Science Board Statement on the Frontiers in Innovation, Science, and Technology Act of 2014 (H.R. 4186) April 24, 2014
    The National Science Board (NSB) appreciates the historic strong commitment of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology to the National Science Foundation (NSF) and to the research that NSF supports. In the face of global challenges to our Nation's scientific leadership, NSF must maintain an unwavering focus on enabling scientific breakthro […]
  • Making graphene work for real-world devices April 24, 2014
    Graphene, a one-atom-thick form of the carbon material graphite, has been hailed as a wonder material--strong, light, nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat--and it very well may be. But a number of practical challenges must be overcome before it can emerge as a replacement for silicon and other materials in microprocessors and […]