• Gut bacteria co-evolved with animal hosts, offers human evolution clues July 22, 2016
    Based on the DNA sequence of a moderately conserved gene in all bacteria, researchers have found that bacterial strains diverged and began to evolve separately in the guts of humans and chimpanzees 5 million years ago, and in humans and gorillas 15 million years ago. These dates are similar to when humans and apes evolved into a new species. It may now be po […]
  • Researchers advance treatment possibilities for Gaucher, Parkinson's July 12, 2016
    National Institutes of Health researchers have identified and tested a molecule that shows promise as a possible treatment for the rare Gaucher disease and the more common Parkinson's disease. These findings demonstrate how insights from a rare disorder can have direct relevance to the treatment of more common disorders. Gaucher disease affects an estim […]
  • Progeria cure remains elusive but new therapeutic options are emerging July 12, 2016
    Development of a cure for Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), a rare disease that causes rapid aging in children, remains elusive, NIH Director Francis Collins, M.D., Ph.D., wrote in a July 12 editorial in Circulation. But therapeutic options are emerging, and there is momentum in the basic and clinical research communities. His comments appeared in […]

  • Molecule may impact Gaucher, Parkinson’s disease July 26, 2016
    Scientists identified a molecule that restores the activity of a Gaucher disease-related enzyme and decreases the buildup of a protein that’s a hallmark of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Structure of rhinovirus C revealed July 26, 2016
    Researchers determined the structure of a rhinovirus C, a virus linked to severe asthma attacks, colds, and other respiratory infections. The findings may aid in the development of antiviral therapies and vaccines.
  • Approach targets autoimmunity July 26, 2016
    Researchers developed a strategy to treat a rare autoimmune disease called pemphigus vulgaris and demonstrated its potential in a mouse model.

  • NSF commits $35 million to improve scientific software July 29, 2016
    Scientists increasingly rely on computers to gain insights about the world through simulations, data analytics or visualizations. These computational investigations typically rely on scientific software that makes it possible to perform virtual experiments and explore laboratory research data with reliable, reproducible results, whether one is using a deskto […]
  • The unexpected: Cold snaps in the sub-tropics, drought in rainforests featured at upcoming ecology conference July 27, 2016
    Cold snaps in sub-tropical ecosystems, life under cities in soils, drought in rainforests, and desertification in grasslands are among the topics featured at the 2016 meeting of the Ecological Society of America (ESA), held from August 7-12, 2016, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Subjects to be addressed include new findings on long-term ecological research, Ear […]
  • Community College Innovation Challenge July 25, 2016
    Many real world problems can be solved with STEM-based solutions. NSF invites teams of community college students to identify key problems and propose innovative solutions in this national contest. More at This is an NSF News item.