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  • The skin microbiome: More than skin deep November 20, 2014
    Skin microbiota plays an intricate role in the human immune system, directing many immune functions and defending against invading bacterial pathogens. In a review article in the Nov. 21, 2014, issue of Science, Julie Segre, Ph.D., head of the Microbial Genomics Section at NHGRI, and Yasmine Belkaid, Ph.D., head of the Mucosal Immunology Section at NIAID, re […]
  • Mouse genome studies find both similarities and striking differences with human genome November 19, 2014
    An international group of researchers has found powerful clues to why certain processes and systems in the mouse are so different from those in people and have developed a resource to help scientists better understand how similarities and differences between mice and humans are written in their genomes. The findings �are reported by the mouse ENCODE Consorti […]
  • Changing the Face of Diagnostics in Clinical Microbiology November 4, 2014
    This issue of The Genomics Landscape describes the evolution of genome sequencing and its impact on public health surveillance and infectious disease diagnostics. Also highlighted: The first BD2K awards, National Family History Day, a new NHGRI executive officer and how to comment on our recent genome sequencing workshop.

  • Algal Virus Infects, Affects Humans November 10, 2014
    While studying cognitive function in healthy adults, researchers discovered DNA from an algal virus in throat samples. The virus was associated with subtle cognitive changes.
  • Immune Cells in Heart Help it Mend November 10, 2014
    The hearts of mice have resident macrophages, a type of immune cell, that play a key role in recovery from damage. The findings suggest novel treatment strategies for heart failure.
  • Computer Models Can Help Guide Ebola Response November 10, 2014
    Computer model projections provide insight into the dynamics of the Ebola outbreak. Such models can help guide more effective control efforts.

  • From cognition to control: Fundamental research continues to advance cooperative robots November 20, 2014
    From disaster recovery to caring for the elderly in the home, scientists and engineers are developing robots that can handle critical tasks in close proximity to humans, safely and with greater resilience than previous generations of intelligent machines.Today the National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the National Institutes of Health, U.S. […]
  • A day in the life of Robotina November 20, 2014
    On the day of the Lego experiment, I roll out of my room early. I scan the lab with my laser, which sits a foot off the floor, and see a landscape of points and planes. My first scan turns up four dense dots, which I deduce to be a table's legs... Robotina is a sophisticated research robot. Specifically, it's a Willow Garage PR2, designed to work w […]
  • "Green Revolution" changes breathing of the biosphere November 19, 2014
    The intense farming practices of the "Green Revolution" are powerful enough to alter Earth's atmosphere at an ever-increasing rate, boosting the seasonal amplitude in atmospheric carbon dioxide to about 15 percent during the last five decades. That's the key finding of a new atmospheric model that estimates that on average, the amplitude […]